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Historical overview of the development of Hungarian horseback riding and horse breeds

Category: Nature | Date: 22.07.2014.

Hungarians is regarded as the equestrian nation around the world, and we agree with this principle. In the history of the Hungarians the peoples' shaping effect of horse, horse riding, and horseback migrations can be felt even today. More and more people keep horses in their spare time and equestrian sports have become increasingly popular. The love of horses, the animal husbandry, the cohabitation are all forms of life of our ancestors, can be traced back to the period of constant moving and the nomadic culture. Our ancestors lived in the center of the Eurasian nomadic pastoral life, where they actively contributed to the domestication and utilization of the horse. A variety of traditional horse shows, fighting games evoke this period, this way of life in order to familiarize it with visitors. Our conquering ancestors' tools were: the bow, the sword, the shepherd's axe and the javelin which all were used to prepare in the ancient manner their timbered saddles. These saddles fitted perfectly well on their horses, the Turkmen breed, which now means reminiscing old times to the visitors, just like the ancient yurt for accommodation or their food..

The traditions of the nomadic pastoral life, remaining objects, tools and their modern reproductions, the contemporary buildings are preserved and cherished throughout Hungary. Perhaps you can mention the Hortobágy and the Bugac plains among the most outstanding and the most popular, best-known memorials.

In this amazing natural media live today the native animal species, the Hungarian gray cattle, buffaloes and haired sheep. In Europe it is also unique to this area the horse saddle without the harness, which allows the fast tracking of the loose stud without loss of time. The typical wear, wranglers' outfit and its supplemental bullwhip are also unique to the Hungarian wranglers.

The most famous cavalry in the history of Hungary were the hussars, whose formation can also be traced back to times when our ancestors were moving people. The light cavalry branch until the nineteenth century was the feature of nomadic peoples of the Eurasian steppe. Their horses and their weaponry are light; their main weapon of war was the arrow. Their tactics were characterized by deceits, and charging starting from a mocked flight. This tactic was used and enhanced the ancestors of the Hungarians during their adventuring campaigns..

Maria Theresa, Empress of Habsburgs was the one who, in 1741, established the first regular hussar regiments. The Hussar with its ornate uniforms and saddling technique was created by the Hungarians and distributed around the world from France to Russia and America.

The memory of the hussar cavalry nowadays is cherished and remembered by the various contemporary and traditional military alliances. Their traditionalists presentation, uniformed parades are considered true spectacles of any festival.

The Hungarians had created many revolutionary innovations and structures. Probably one of the most important invention of Hungary was the invention of contemporary wagon. According to historians the car was named after the small Hungarian village which is located between Budapest and Vienna, lived on carriage and cart making. The improvement of the tools of carriage (harness, frills, bridles use etc), and in the development of carriage mounting and drive modes (two, four, five) the Hungarian inventions and methods also meant a great influence

The types of horse breeds in our country are world famous. Few countries have such a high and a large number of varieties, such as Hungary. At the Paris World's Fair in 1878, and then in 1900 the most recognized were the fast Hungarian carriage horse, the Hungarian “jukker” and the noble Hungarian light cavalry horse. The traditional Hungarian horse breeds are an unmatched cultural heritage, created by careful and professional work of breeders for several decades.

Cold-blooded horse breeds: The Hungarian cold-blooded horse and the horse from Murakoz are easy to use, with good working capacity. In agriculture, unfortunately, these are not typically in use, most of all they are kept in the countryside and the rural way of life demonstration plants. Once these horse breeds facilitated the lives of people working in the fields. In the cities they were used to pull the beer carts..

Warm blooded horse breeds: The Hutsul is considered the "Carpathian pony". Can be traced Directly from the wild horses. Extremely persistent saddle or draft horse. The Lipizzaner horses with their classic appearance are very successful in chariot driving, but during world-renowned equestrian show only those elegant looking, dance-like stepped horses can be seen. The Nonius of Mezőhegyes with its beautiful appearance is a special feature among the horse breeds of the world, but it is also very effective in driving a chariot.

The Shagya-Arabian from Bábolna horse breed is a noble Arab horse, which can stand its gound as a mount and draft horse, too.

The Furioso-North Star named after the two founder English thoroughbred is the favorite of both those doing equestrian sports and those fans of riding as a hobby.

In tourism one can not only admire the Hungarian breeds during demonstrations, but we can try their skills, their strength also in mounting while they are connected to a cart. The Hungarian bred horse breeds are well suited for leisure and hobby riders' expectations. These horses are calm in nature, kind and service-minded, reliable, while also imposing and stylish in appearance. Thus, the Hungarian horse breeds are ideally suited for tourism to benefit them, and that way their survival in the future will no longer be a question.

Photos: Endre Gradvolt

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